How to Install Insulation in Your Home - part 2

The Technique

Installing Insulation is not a complicated task however; to do it right several guidelines must be adhered to. Your local municipality will have specific "R" factors to insure your home will meet basic energy efficiency standards. These standards are will help reduce the amount of energy loss due to inadequate protection from natures seasonal temperatures. To find out your required insulation factor visit  this is the Department of Energy website, use the zip code calculator to find out specifics for your area. This is a pretty neat website it gives you the average number of heating days per year and the same with the cooling, once you input the needed data it will give you the insulation "R" factors needed. Now lets take a quick look at the installation process: Wall insulation will be cut to lengths and gently tucked into the space between the wall studs. During this process you do not want to compress the insulation, you just tuck it in making sure it fits tight in both the upper and lower edges of the wall cavity. When top to bottom of the space is covered use the tabs on the edges of the insulation to staple the insulation to the wall studs. You will want the vapor barrier ( paper or foil) to be neatly stapled leaving no wrinkles on the stud where you staple the insulation. Remember you have drywall that will go on next and any staples that are not in all of the way, or any wrinkles in the insulation can cause the drywall to bulge leaving a wavy wall. Please note in the video how nice and neat the insulation appears when she has completed the process, this is how your job should look. If you are doing a ceiling you have the options of using batting after the sheet rock is installed or blowing in the correct amount of insulation to meet the "R" factor (which is the thickness) required. When applying insulation to the walls you will need to separate the insulation and tuck approximately 1/2 of the thickness behind electrical boxes and plumbing pipes to insure they do not freeze in the winter. Once the back half has been tucked into place you simply apply the front half as you have done in the cavities that did not have plumbing or electrical to deal with. It is very important that you do not have insulation protruding over the stud in any area of the wall, make sure the insulation at the top and bottom of the wall is even with the top and bottom plate but not overflowing onto the wall surface. Before you cover the insulation with drywall make sure you have your local inspector signs off on the application, this process is required almost unanimously. Better to get it signed off now instead of having to remove the covering so they can do it later. With the insulation neatly tucked and stapled you can now caulk around window studs and floor plates to finalize the seal. You are now complete and ready for the drywall!

Insulation How to Install

Here is a video that covers the installation process in great detail. This video covers installing the insulation in a new addition, the process would be the same in a remodel as long as the drywall or plaster was removed.
Insulation Batting
Here is a great article explaining the installation process of a batting type insulation, but remember most areas require a vapor barrier (one that has a foil or paper backing attached). The process is the same for this and the vapor barrier type insulation and this article shows how it is done! The only difference is the vapor barrier type will be stapled on to the studs with the paper flanges attached to the insulation.
Insulating the Attic
This article shows in detail how to insulate the attic of your home. This is very detailed and explains the use of baffels at the soffits allowing essential air flow into the attic space. This article will take you all the way to completing your insulation project 

How to Install Insulation in Your Home

Installing insulation can add to the comfort in your home during the winter and summer months. This investment will also save you a lot of money by reducing the amount of warm air escaping in the winter and entering your home in the summer. There are many types of insulation available at your local home improvement stores. You will need to make sure you know which types will work in your specific application while also meeting the local building codes for your area. The building code information can be accessed at your local library or at your local building permit center, the rest we have for you right here on thediyhomepro. If you are remodeling an older home that has insufficient insulation you have a couple of options: 1) Blown in insulation which can be either drilled and blown in from outside or inside of the home. Note* this type of process leaves plugs where access to the walls was achieved, if you are going to put new siding or sheet rock in the home you may be able to cover the access plugs leaving no trace of the work. 2) Insulation batting which can be installed by removing the interior wall plaster or drywall, installing the batting and then replacing the wall surface with new drywall. Option #2 is the best and most energy efficient depending on the extent of your remodeling project. There are many TAX BREAKS associated with installing energy efficient insulation in your home so save the receipts ready for tax time! We have provided videos and articles below clearly outlining what you will need to know to complete this project, and if that is not enough you can simply ask our experts a question at the bottom of each article or go to our forum to see what others think. Lets get started on your new project!

What You’ll Need

Installing insulation will require some specific tools to complete the job. We have provided a list of suggested tools and materials for your convenience. Remember that having the right tool for the job could very well be the deciding factor on how the job turns out!

The Tools You’ll Need

Tape Measure
Laying out your project will take a lot of measuring, a good tape measure should be on hand to complete this job! Stanley 33-725 25-Foot FatMax Tape Measure

Staple gun
A staple gun will be the tool used to install the insulation. Having the right tool for the job here is paramount in how the job will turn out! Make sure you have a good staple gun on hand and plenty of staples to complete the job.
Straight edge
A straight edge will be used to compress the insulation and guide the blade while cutting the material to size. A good straight edge is always handy for many projects around the home, be sure to have one on hand for this job. Empire Level 4006 72-Inch Aluminum Straight Edge
Razor Knife
A razor knife will be used to cut the insulation to size, this tool will make the job both easier and give more professional results. Be sure to have a good razor knife and extra blades on hand for this project! Bessey D-BKWH Quick-Change Folding Utility Knife - Wood Grain Handle
A hammer will be needed for several steps of the installation process, we have provided an inexpensive yet good model if you decide that you need a new one! 13
Caulking Gun
Once the insulation is in place you will need to caulk around the edges of the windows and walls to keep the seal tight, here is a dependable caulking gun for the job. Newborn Brothers 930-GTD Gator Trigger Drip-Free Hex Rod Caulk Gun
Better have plenty of these on hand for the job! These 1/4" staples will be needed to hold that insulation tight in the wall cavity. Stanley Bostich Staples For P3-ind (5000/box) #sp19 1/4
The Materials You’ll Need
This will be needed to seal the edges of the material around the windows and floors, you will want to make sure that you have a joint that is air tight! Henkel Consumer Adhesives 24411-219 Vinyl Siding/window Sealant Caulk 10.2oz (Pack of 12)
Insulation comes in many "R" factors and several different sizes according to your specific application, we have provided a link for one of the most common sizes required today. You will be able to access all other types through this link as well, Good Luck!